Works cited for research papers

Italicize the name of the journal. Insert the issue number, publication year inside parentheses, a colon, the page range using a hyphen and a period. Conclude with "Print" without quotation marks and a period; for instance: Doe, Jane. If you use an in-text reference to an online research report, include it on the Works Cited page.

The author, article title, journal name, issue, year and pages are formatted exactly like the print version. After the pages, list "Web" without quotation marks.

How to make an MLA Works Cited page in Word

Add a period. Indicate the day, abbreviation of the month and year you accessed the article. Finish with a period; for example: Doe, Jane. Living in upstate New York, Susan Sherwood is a researcher who has been writing within educational settings for more than 10 years. Smith, E.

How to Write a Bibliography - Examples in MLA Style - A Research Guide for Students

Allelopathy in walnuts. American Journal of Botany Secondauthor and B. Article title with only the first letter capitalized. You should pay careful attention to details of formatting when you write your own Literature Cited section. For papers published in journals you must provide the date, title, journal name, volume number, and page numbers.

For books you need the publication date, title, publisher, and place of publication. Do not exclude contrary evidence.

Hours Accessibility Accounts Giving. George Mason Guide. In such a situation, you may wish to look for an institution that may be able to provide you access to that literature for the purposes of reviewing the content.

Citation Styles & Writing Guides

Given that more papers are being published than ever before in most fields, it is likely that reference lists will grow longer simply because there are more data points and discussions available to cite. Keep track of changes to the size of reference lists in publications related to your field. Let journals be your guides One way to gauge how many references you should have is to survey academic journals for your article type in your field. Review their author guidelines for limits on the number of references for your article type, and make sure your reference list complies with those journal restrictions.

Read recent articles relevant to your topic; check how many references other authors have included in their papers for the same article type as yours, and how frequently those works were cited per page. The latter is impossible to state simply because certain sections may have no citations at all the results section, for example. Statistics regarding the number of references and citations To give you a general idea, the following are some estimates from a couple of studies that examined the citation characteristics of articles published in various disciplines.

On the other hand, health professions and earth and planetary sciences had the fewest references per article at an average of 8 and 17 references, respectively. Math and engineering averaged at roughly 29 references per article.

Your Librarians

Biochemistry, genetics and molecular and other biological sciences averaged at Hard and natural sciences more frequently cited recent literature while social sciences and math were likely to include older sources. Make sure to balance your discussion with external literature citations. Be careful about citing old references. The rule of thumb is to go back at most five to six years. Be careful not to cite several references in one place without discussing the relevance of each work to your research.

MLA journal citation

Confirm the quality of the work you cite. Are there any ethical issues regarding the paper that would disqualify it as a good source? Do your references come from reputable sources such as respected journals rather than random blogs and website links? Remember that your analysis is only as good as the verifiable information you use to conduct your research.


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Therefore, make sure the works you reference naturally lead readers to wonder about the research question you address in your paper. To explain further, think about your favorite fictional story. A successfully written story only reveals the background information needed for the reader to follow along in the story.

Similarly, the references you cite should support the story building you create in your research paper. You want to show objectivity and that you took a balanced and unbiased approach to conducting your research. Mention the potentially conflicting evidence and explain why you believe it is flawed or inapplicable to your research. In qualitative research papers, you may have fewer references. Anything you cite in your paper should be listed in the references section. Anything listed as a reference should have been quoted or paraphrased in the text.

If either rule is violated, something is wrong.